“The inner-city ghetto became increasingly impoverished and socially isolated, most often because of structural changes”



Again, the advancement of technology and the low cost of labor in other countries robbed many living in the ghetto of their jobs and changed the structure of life in this area. “Structural inequalities theory has been used to explain the persistently poor and urban population that has emerged as the American economy has deindustrialized and moved out of central cities” (Smith). “Structurally disadvantaged neighborhoods are often characterized by weaker local institutions and diminished access to external resources” (as cited by Richardson). “Medical provision and schooling was separated by race” (McLaughlin).  As a result, “The inner-city ghetto became increasingly impoverished and socially isolated, most often because of structural changes” (Anderson).



The rise in unemployed African Americans opened the doors for White Americans to further hold them back by denying loans through the process of Redlining. “Ethnic minorities and unemployment, and low on income and value of dwellings, can be expected to be a redlined” (Aalbers) which further imprisoned African Americans in the ghetto.

With so many African American’s unemployed and restricted from access to employment, the need for public assistance grew. Because of this need African Americans were further suppressed by there dependency on Public assistance. “The U.S. government operated its early public housing programs on the basis of de jure racial segregation,19 and fostered segregation in the private market by providing low-cost housing loans in a racially inequitable manner (as cited by Hart).



At this point the social isolation of the African-American community gained momentum largely impart due to a decline in municipal resources and White Americans leaving the area in search of employment and housing in the suburbs. Instead of helping, the public housing programs further concentrated the African-American community and “those who remained in the ghetto tended to become more distant” (Anderson), having access to an adequate education, resources required to obtain jobs, and also lacking protection under the law as violence grew daily amongst its inhabitants. Since “Socialization is the way in which people learn the norms and values found in their society, develop social skills, and participate in societal roles that will be continued throughout their lifetime” (Koepke)the “economic and social isolation emerged from the ghetto” (Hart)and in a sense cut its members off from the “real” world.


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©2018 Jean Malek